Sierra Vista lies at the foot of the Huachuca Mountains, only minutes away from some of the most famous birding spots in the United States - places such as Garden, Sawmill, Huachuca, Ramsey, Carr, Miller and Ash Canyons. Miller Canyon provides the opportunity to see high elevation specialties such as the Red-faced Warbler, Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher, Painted Redstart, Greater Pewee, Hepatic Tanager and, with some luck, the Spotted Owl. These canyons have been known since the late 19th century for their great biodiversity, not only of birds, but of butterflies, odonates and other insects, as well as mammals and reptiles. The Huachucas have close to 1000 species of plants. We hope that our field trips and seminars will introduce many of these features to Festival participants.
Some of our field trips will go to other famous birding spots in southeastern Arizona. The Chiricahua Mountains, Patagonia and Sonoita Creek,San Pedro River and Leslie Canyon to search for the illusive Five-striped Sparrow and other border specialties.
August is one of the most beautiful months of the year here. Sierra Vista, located at 4600 feet elevation, is five to ten degrees cooler than Tucson. The monsoon season should be in full swing with spectacular thunder showers on many afternoons. These showers cool things off nicely and bring us a second spring, painting the hills and valleys a beautiful shade of green. Be sure to bring your rain gear so that you will be prepared.
Local Birding on Your Own
Carr Canyon - 7 miles south on HWY 92 from Fry Blvd/HWY 90, turn west on Carr Canyon Rd – 8.5 miles to the campgrounds in pine forest. Unpaved, switchback road. One of the most reliable localities for Buff-breasted Flycatcher as well as other high-altitude birds such as Red-faced Warbler, Red Crossbill, Yellow-eyed Junco, Olive Warbler, Pygmy Nuthatch and Steller’s Jay.
Coronado National Memorial –Turn south from HWY 92 16 miles south of Sierra Vista. All of the common Madrean Woodland birds such as Acom Woodpecker, Mexican Jay, Bridled Titmouse and Montezuma Quail are found here along with mammals such as White-tailed Deer, White-nosed Coati and Javelina.
Garden Canyon – South end of Fort Huachuca, west end of Sierra Vista. Enter main gate at Fry Blvd. (drivers will need to show proof of insurance, vehicle registration and driver’s license), continue on main road 2 miles, then follow the signs directing you to Garden Canyon. The upper picnic area offers great, easy birding: Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher, Painted Redstart and Elegant Trogon are regular here in season. At the end of the road (which becomes dirt after the Upper Picnic Area, the Sawmill Canyon Trail continues to climb into Pine forest. Garden Canyon is also legendary for butterfly and dragonfly enthusiasts. The fort’s other attractions include Native American rock art and a military history museum.
Leslie Canyon National Wildlife Refuge - Located on the edge of the Swisshelm Mountains 16 miles north of Douglas on Leslie Canyon Road, or 11 miles (unpaved road) east of McNeal on Davis Road. This narrow desert canyon contains Leslie Creek, a stream supporting rare and protected native plants, fish, and frogs. The perennial water amidst Chihuahuan desert thornscrub and grassland attracts a tremendous vari ety of birds, including Violet-crowned Hummingbirds, Black capped Gnatcatchers, Lucy's Warblers, Rufous-crowned Sparrows, and Varied Buntings. Abide by the regulatory signs because portions of the refuge are closed to public entry to protect the habitat of threatened and endangered species. The roadway continues through the refuge to Rucker Canyon in the nearby Chiricahua Mountains, where camping is available. No fee.
Patagonia – Sonoita Creek Nature Conservancy Preserve – On Pennsylvania Ave north of HWY 82. One hour west of Sierra Vista, this lush riparian area provides habitat for over 200 species of birds. The nearby Roadside Rest Area on Hwy 82 is another spot to visit. Carefully cross the highway and walk along the fence marking private land along Sonoita Creek. Rose-throated Becards have nested in the sycamores here in recent years. Fee.
Paton’s of Patagonia – located 1 ¼ miles southeast of the Preserve Visitor Center on Blue Haven Rd, this is definitely the place to see hummingbirds in Patagonia. The Paton yard is open 7 days a week from dawn to dusk. Donation suggested.
Patagonia Lake State Park - located 13 miles southwest of Patagonia - has recently added the Sonoita Creek Natural Area to its attractions. The area boasts shorebirds, flycatchers, and even a trogon or two. You can rent a boat to see the area, take the trail around the lake, or take advantage of a guided pontoon boat trip. Park entrance fee is $5 per car up to 4 people. Overnight full-hookup camping is available.
Patagonia Butterfly Garden - of the 700 butterfly species you can see in North America, over 200 can be seen in Patagonia. The open butterfly garden is in the Patagonia Town Park. August is an excellent time to visit.
Ramsey Canyon Nature Conservancy Preserve – 6 miles south of Fry Blvd/HWY 90 in Sierra Vista, turn west and drive 4 miles to the end of Ramsey Canyon Rd. This 300 acre property in the middle elevations of the canyon provides excellent birding opportunities. Famous for its hummingbirds (including Magnificent, Blue-throated and White-eared), but offers even more. Look for Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher, Dusky-capped Flycatcher, Painted Redstart, Elegant Trogon, Arizona Woodpecker and Spotted Towhee. Fee
San Bernardino National Wildlife Refuge - Located adjacent to the Republic of Mexico 16 miles (unpaved road) east of Douglas along Geronimo Trail Road (15th Street). A mixture of desert upland and scattered wetlands provide habitats for at least 293 bird species. This is a good place to find Northern Beardless Tyrannulets, Tropical Kingbirds, Bell's Vireos, Yellow-breasted Chats, and Varied Buntings. It is the only place in the United States to see Yaqui chub, Yaqui topminnow, Yaqui catfish, and Yaqui beautiful shiner - all rare and protected native fish. The refuge also protects the San Bernardino Ranch National Historic Site, including the beautifully restored 1884 Slaughter Ranch ($5 entry fee). The entire refuge is open to walk-in traffic only, during daylight hours every day.
San Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area - San Pedro House Visitor Center on Hwy 90, 7 miles west of Hwy 90/Hwy 80 intersection. Additional access points include Hereford Road, Charleston Road and Hwy 92 at Palominas.
Holy Trinity Monastery, adjacent to the NCA at the town of St. David, invites birders to walk its 1.3 mile trail around ponds fed by artesian springs.
Whitewater Draw Wildlife Area - Located southwest of McNeal at the end of Coffman Road south from Davis Road. Operated by Arizona Game and Fish Department, this is the largest remaining wetland in the southern Sulphur Springs Valley and provides important wintering habitat for Sandhill Cranes and a variety of waterfowl. During summer, the mix of desert grassland and wetlands are good places to see "Mexican" mallards and a variety of waterbirds, raptors, sparrows, and other migratory birds. During the summer monsoon season, the night-time chorus of amphibians can be very diverse and extremely loud. Undeveloped camping is available. No fee.
BUTTERFLIES OF THE SOUTHWEST
In the U.S. there are over 700 species of butterflies - about the same number as birds. Short of Texas, Arizona has more species of butterflies than any other state in the Union : 331. Southeastern Arizona, with around 250 documented species has been a natural draw for butterfliers for years. The most active season for butterflies is during the monsoon, and in particular, the month of August. During this rainy season the desert turns green overnight and butterfly numbers explode. Vagrants, or influx species, come up from Mexico, and our corner of the state is a virtual "Mecca" for the butterfly enthusiast.
Though butterfly watching may be where birding was 40 years ago (remember birding is now a $14.4 billion dollar industry), people's interest in butterflies has grown remarkably and in tracing interest in butterfly counts (where, like birds, species and numbers are recorded), the numbers of participants has increased tenfold in the last 27 years.
Becoming a butterfly watcher is a natural for many who have an interest in natural history. Butterflies are flashy, showy insects and capture the interest of young and old alike. These mammals have an average life span of about two weeks in the adult state, though some like the Monarch and Mourning Cloak can live over a year, while some of blues and hairstreaks live only two or three days.
Like birding, butterflying attracts people of all income levels and occupations. Many people create butterfly gardens and transform their backyards into colorful refuges for these creatures.